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 Anabolic Steroids

                                                                                                            Antoine Morgan

 

 

 

Introduction:

 

            Anabolic Steroids are said to enhance the physical performance and appearance of the body.  Yes, its true they do but at what cost?  Is it healthy or do they damage the body more than it actually helps it?  What are the affects on the body?  Is it easy to get addicted to anabolic steroids?  In this report all your questions will be answered.

 

What are Anabolic Steroids:

 

            It is a name for synthetic substances that immitates male sex hormones (androgens).  They affect your skeletal muscle growth and the development of male sexual characteristics.  The proper name for substances such, as these are “anabolic-androgenic” steroids.  Anabolic refers to bodybuilding and androgenic refers to increased masculine characteristics. 

 

How are they are given:

           

The only way that they are legal if prescribe by a doctor.  Doctors prescribe these steroids for a number of things.  They are given when the body produces low amounts of testosterone, such as delayed puberty and certain types of impotence.  They are used to treat body wasting in patience with diseases such as AIDS and other diseases that affect body mass.

However, they are sold over the counter.  In many stores across the country today many people purchase them.  People from grades eight and up use these steroids to enhance their performance in some sort of way.  They also use this drug to enhance physical appearance.

 

How do they enter the Body:

 

            One way they enter the body is through the mouth (orally).  The other way is through injection.  They are now also put in gels and crèmes to be rubbed in the skin.

Typically taken in cycles of weeks or months, this is called cycling.  Rather than continuously taking steroids people normally take them for a while then stop, then they start back taking them again.  They also take many other steroids in the process this is called stacking.  Stacking is when you take different steroids to take place for another in the cycling process. 

 

Addiction:

 

            The main reason reported for steroid addiction according to the NIDA is to improve sports performance.  Bodybuilders use it the most others use it according to their sport.  Another reason given is to improve the body image.  Whether its thinking your fat and flabby or skinny and weak they use steroids to change this.  Many of these people suffer from muscle dysmorphia, that’s when a person has a distorted image of their body.  Many of these people have suffered from some sort of abuse, so they do this to protect themselves and they feel as if these drugs will help.  Most people that abuse the drug are normal and have no terrifying life moments in their past.

            The normal dosage of an abuser is usually 10 to a 100 times more than the recommended amount.  Abusers think that by stacking the steroids they can get more of an affect on a muscle, to boost them up.

 

Hazards:

 

            The major hazards are cancer or liver failure, fluid retention, high blood pressure, increase in bad cholesterol, and decrease in good cholesterol.  The side affects for men only are shrinkage in testicles, reduced sperm count, infertility, baldness, the formation of breast, and increased chance of prostate cancer.  For women growth of facial hair, male pattern baldness, changes in cessation of menstrual period enlargement of clitoris, and deepened voice.  Adolescent’s growth stops permanently earlier than normal.  Doctors have also seen psychological and aggression pattern changes as a result of anabolic steroids.

 

Body Damages:

 

         It damages your cardiovascular  system by raising your chances of getting a heart disease or having a stroke in athletes before they reach thirty.  It causes cancer and development of cyst on the liver, which eventually burst and result in internal bleeding.  It causes acne, oily skin and hair, and also cyst when it comes to the skin.  There is also the high rate of infection due to sharing needles.

 

 

 

 

Links:

 

                        http://www.nida.gov/ResearchReports/Steroids/anabolicsteroids3.html

 

                        http://www.nida.nih.gov/infofax/steroids.html

 

            http://www.nida.gov/ResearchReports/Steroids/anabolicsteroid2.html

 

 

 

Psychology Department

The Health Psychology Home Page is produced and maintained by David Schlundt, PhD.
  


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