Health Psychology Home Page
Papers written by students providing scientific reviews of topics related to health and well being
|Search||Home | Weight Loss | Alternative Therapy | Supplements | Eating Disorders | Fitness | Links | Self-Assessment | About this Page ||
By Marya Wegenka
“Lose up to 10 lbs in 2 days”. It sounds too good to be true, and it probably is, but the Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet claims that it can help you to achieve a significant weight loss in just 2 days. The diet industry makes nearly $30 billion dollars a year, because our culture has conditioned us to believe that we need to be thin to be beautiful (White 2000). Nearly every woman in our society has been on a diet at one point or another, because dieting and the desire to be thin has become a part of our culture. People want to believe that magic diets will take the weight off quickly without much exercise and without avoiding their favorite foods. We have become a culture that wants results now, and the Hollywood Diet promises quick results. There are many pills, shakes, and diets out on the market for weight loss. Here we will take a closer look at the Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet.
The Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet is a “special blend of all natural fruits and fruit juices along with antioxidants and essential oils”. It is advertised as a product that will cleanse, detoxify, and rejuvenate your body, while making you lose weight. There are testimonials of people who have tried the Hollywood Diet and claim to experience significant weight loss in just two days (http://www.hollywood48hourmiraclediet.net).
This product promotes itself proclaiming that there are no pills, no catches, and no long book to read. (However it is suggested you take metabolism booster pills, which I will discuss later). Instead this product is delicious and natural. While on the diet you will not have cravings for “bad foods”. Diets can make people tired and weak when caloric intake is dramatically reduced (White 2000). The Hollywood Miracle Diet consists of only 400 calories a day. This product claims to be different than other diets like it though, because rather than causing you to feel weak and agitated it cleanses your body leaving you feeling energized.
One website states that the diet disrupts your regular food intake while cleansing your digestive system and activating your bodies internal ‘fat burning furnace’ (http://48hourhollywoodmiraclediet.com//home_diet.tpl). Another website promotes the product as the #1 detox diet in the country. They claim that over a million people have tried this product. After just two days, you can cleanse your body of 5 to 10 lbs of toxic waste that is in your colon and digestive system. A list of 14 symptoms is provided that are common symptoms of toxicity including headaches, skin problems, bad breath, body odor, low energy, weight gain, and poor memory. It says if you have any of these symptoms, then you should go on this diet to cleanse your body (http://www.aspenslender.com/pages/HW48MDcleanse.html).
The ingredients in the Hollywood Diet include Purified Water, Pineapple, Apple, Orange and Grape Juice Concentrates, Apricot, Peach and Banana Purees, Vitamin A Palmitate, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Pyridoxine HCl (Vitamin B6), Cyanocobalmin (Vitamin B12), Niacin, Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, and a special blend of Essential Oils of Bergamot, Tangerine, Lemon, and Orange. Each serving is 4 fl. Oz. of the juice combined with 4 oz. of water. Each serving contains 100 calories (the product label list calories with the word “energy” in parenthesis), 0g of fat, 20 mg of sodium, 22g of sugar, 0g of protein, 25g of carbohydrates, and 75% of the daily allowance for each vitamin listed in the ingredients. Each bottle of the diet contains 8 servings, which is enough for 2 days of the diet. The diet includes four servings of the juice that you are supposed to sip over the entire day for two days. Each day only 400 calories are consumed. In addition to the juice, you are to drink 8 glasses of water. For best results the directions say not to have any food, alcohol, caffeine or tobacco. The label reports that you should consult a physician before beginning any weight loss programs, and that the Food and Drug Administration has not tested it.
The official site ((http://www.hollywood48hourmiraclediet.net) for the Hollywood Diet reports that once the two day diet is completed that it is important to “maintain yourself by eating more fruits and vegetables and cutting down on meat, sugar, oils, flour, dairy, and fatty foods. By exercising at least 30 minutes a day for 5 days a week and not eating after 6 p.m.”, you can maintain your new physique. The suggestions to maintain your new weight given by the Hollywood Diet are common sense weight loss strategies: eat foods that are better for you and exercise everyday. Someone that would try the Hollywood diet has probably not been successful at eating healthy and exercising, and is looking to the Hollywood Miracle Diet as an alternative to dieting and exercise.
To increase weight loss with this product, the same site tells the dieter to go on the Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet once every week, while eating better and exercising. It also reports that the clients that have seen the most significant weight loss do the diet two days on and then two days off. Based on feedback from some of their customers, a popular diet combo offered on the website leads to maximum weight loss. The combo includes the juice for two days repeated every month, during which the dieters also take a metabolism booster capsule while on and off the juice diet. Only drinking the juice for two days does not see the best results of the diet, but it is suggested that metabolism pills be taken. It is also suggested the diet be repeated. If the diet took off ten pounds every two days, then why would a normal to slightly overweight person need to repeat the diet once a week or once a month? It is because you can’t really lose that much weight that quickly, and it is difficult to keep the weight off after you lose it that fast.
On each bottle of the Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet is a message from Jamie Kabler, “The Fitness and Health Guru”, congratulating the buyer on taking the first step towards looking and feeling better. Jamie Kabler is considered the diet counselor to the stars, and his ads are shown on television and in magazines around the world. He invented the diet after a trip to Europe where he found people paying a lot of money to attend a health spa, and decided to create a “health spa in a bottle” available to everyone (http://48hourhollywoodmiraclediet.com//home_diet.tpl).
One website selling this product uses a doctor’s statement about the success of the diet. Dr. Joel Fuhrman, MD says, “The Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet is a safe and effective way to take off 10 pounds in a very short period of time” (http://www.dietlab.net/). The same website reports that tests have been conducted on the product. The test only involved 27 volunteers of men and women between the ages of 18-67. It reports that dieters lost an average of 4.5% of their body weight and had significant fat loss. The weight loss ranged from 4.5 to 16.5 pounds. It reports that all were very happy with their weight loss. However this is all the information that is given. It does not tell who performed the test, methods used, what the original weights of the people were, or whether or not the participants exercised. It really tells us nothing about the procedures and controls of the tests.
If after reading all this information on the various webpages and you still are not convinced, many of these sites have testimonials of people who tried the diet and say it worked for them. Laurel lost 13 pounds in two days. Matt in Louisiana lost 8 to 10 pounds and wasn’t even hungry. Delesha from Pennsylvania lost 3 pounds the first day and 5 more the second day. She plans on doing the diet 4 times a month. Many of the sites offer testimonials, because if you see that other people found the diet worked, then maybe you’ll be more likely to try it.
This product is sold online and in drug stores. The Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet is sold at both Eckerds and Walgreens for $19.99. The online prices range from $19.50 to $24.95 a bottle, with special deals when you buy more than one bottle or a combo pack. One popular combo offered at http://www.hollywood48hourmiraclediet.net includes 2 bottles of the 48-Hour Hollywood Diet, 2 bottles of the New Metabolism Booster Capsules and gives you a free bottle of fat slimming cream for just $109.88.
There are many claims made about the Hollywood 48-Hour Diet that are unrealistic, as well as many things the diet claims to do, that are dependent on other outside factors. To maintain a constant weight the average person should take in 2,000 calories a day. This diet restricts calorie intake to one-fifth of the average, only allowing 400 calories. This would be considered a Very Low Calorie Diet (VLCD). Healthy weight reduction plans should produce a loss of one to two pounds per week (Marti 1997).
According to The Ultimate Consumer’s Guide to Diets and Nutrition, a VLCD is a diet for morbidly obese people that consists of less than 800 calories a day, and should be administered under a doctor’s supervision. VLCD diets substitute liquids for solid foods. On average a woman who participates in such a diet will lose 2 to 3 pounds per week, while men will lose 4 to 5 pounds per week. Marti says that medical supervision is essential with this type of diet, because it can lead to complications with the heart, liver, and kidneys. Medical supervision is required because there is a risk with “semi-starvation”, which causes fatigue, weakness, and lightheadedness and changes in vital signs (Mart 1997).
All VLCD diets approved by the FDA must contain 10 grams of fat per day, at least 70 grams of protein, and the recommended daily allowances for the essential vitamins, potassium, magnesium, phosphate, and sodium. The Hollywood Diet does not have any fat, provides no protein, and does not provide 100% of the RDAs for the vitamins and minerals, and thus would not be approved by the FDA. The label on the Hollywood Diet bottle states that the FDA has not tested it, because if the FDA tested it they would not be able to approve it. Restricting one’s caloric intake to 400 calories from a liquid diet is not a good way to lose weight.
There are some differences between the Hollywood Diet and other VLCDs. The VLCD diets would be prescribed only for morbidly obese patients, so many of the health risks associated with the VLCD would also be influenced by the poor health of the individual to begin with. VLCDs also usually last for weeks, not just a few days like the Hollywood Diet. VLCDS are the safest and most effective way for obese people to lose weight, but the Hollywood Diet is used and marketed towards anyone that wants to lose weight or detoxify their system. Weight loss recommendations for the general public do not include reducing diet to just 400 calories of liquids a day, but calls to reduce caloric intake by 500 to 1000 calories a day with 1 to 2 pounds of weight loss a week (Jakicic et al., 2001 and Miller 1999).
VLCDs have resulted in a decreased resting metabolic rate and the loss of lean body mass. Aerobic exercise with VLCD has not prevented these effects (Ullrich et al., 1997). There are health risks to very low calorie diets that include metabolic complications including hypovolemia, electrolyte disturbances, and endocrine abnormalities. The most serious complications that could result are arrhythmias (Marinella 2000). A report on clinical research on severe caloric restriction from a conference of the National Institutes of Health and Technology Assessment says that the current VLCDs of today are generally safe when used by the appropriate patients (those who are 30% or more overweight) and when a doctor is supervising.
The studies reviewed at the conference also found that VLCDs are associated with an increased risk for gallstones (Wadden 1993). Other sources also reported the increase risk of gallstones by people on a VLCD. Though many of these studies looked at VLCD that lasted for weeks rather than a few days, they do raise some concern. There is no warning with the Hollywood Diet that repeated use of the diet every two days could have health risks like those seen in VLCDs that last for weeks or months. The product covers itself from not mentioning possible risks by stating that a doctor should supervise the diet. Marti reports that rapid weight loss and lowfat diets increase the cases of gallstone formation and gallbladder inflammation (Marti 1997).
According to the Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Supplement, there is a “threshold of fat” required for the gall bladder to empty efficiently. At least 10 grams of fat are needed per day to keep the gall bladder functioning correctly, and this is also the amount required for FDA approval. The researchers found that between 11%-36% of obese patients who lost weight rapidly formed gallstones. Obesity can lead to gallstone disease, but the risk increases greatly when there is rapid weight loss (Pazzi 2000).
Some of the testimonials about the Hollywood Diet are people saying they are going to use the diet once a week or once a month. The majority of people looking to lose 10 pounds in 2 days is probably not the morbidly obese and most likely will not be supervised by a doctor. People that reported the most significant results from the Hollywood Diet were on the diet two days and off the diet two days. People that are consistently on the diet every two days would be at higher risk for gallstones and other health risks associated with VLCDs.
The Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet is not a miracle diet, but a method a semi-starvation or a VLCD. The makers of this product claim you can lose 10 pounds in two days and detoxify your body by simply drinking their formula. It sounds so easy and so great, but it won’t cause sustained weight loss. Researchers have reported that you can only lose 1 to 2 pounds a week on a diet. By restricting oneself to the Hollywood diet, you can only take in 400 calories each day, followed by a month of exercise and eating better. Once off the diet you are not suppose to binge, but after starving yourself for two days, it would be difficult to not eat more than you are suppose to.
The Hollywood Diet says after completing the diet you should do the following things: eat fruits and vegetables and cut down on meats, sugars, oils, flour, dairy, and fatty foods, to exercise 30 minutes a day five days a week, and not to eat after 6:00 p.m. If you did these three things, you could lose weight without the Hollywood Miracle Diet. There are also health risks associated with very low calorie diets that are sustained over weeks or months that could be seen if the diet is used improperly. While on and off the diet, it is also recommended that you take metabolism booster capsules.
Everywhere we look our culture is telling us that thin is beautiful, and many people want the perfect figure without eating right or exercising. The Hollywood 48-Hour Miracle Diet claims to be able to take off 10 lbs. quickly. It sells because people want a quick and easy way to have the perfect figure, and they are willing to pay for the “miracle” diet that will get them there. The best way to lose weight and keep it off is to eat better and exercise rather than trying dieting substances that promise rapid weight loss.
1. Festt, D., Colecchia, A., Larocca, A., Villanova, N., Mazzella, G., Petroni, M.L., Romano, F., and Roda, E. (2000). Review: Low Caloric Intake and Gall-Bladder Motor Function. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Supplement, 14, 51-53. OVID
2. Jakicic, J.M., Clark, K., Coleman, E., Donnelly, J.E., Foreyt, J., Meanson, E., Volek, J., & Volpe, S.L. (2001). Appropriate Intervention Strategies for Weight Loss and Prevention of Weight Regain for Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33, 2145-2156. OVID
3. Marti, J. (1997). The Ultimate Consumer’s Guide to Diets and Nutrition. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
4. Marinella, M.A. MD. (2000). Generalized Seizures Associated With Low-Calorie Dieting. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 35, 405. OVID
5. Miller, Wayne C. (1999). How Effective are Traditional Dietary and Exercise Interventions for Weight Loss. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, 1129-1134. OVID
6. Ullrich, I., Bryner, R., Sauers, G. H., Donely, D., and Yeater, R. (1997). Effects of Resistance Training on Lean Body Mass with 800-Calorie Liquid Diets 262. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29, 46. OVID
7. Wadden, T.A. National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference: Treatment of Obesity by Moderate and Severe Caloric Restriction: Results of Clinical Research Trials. Annals of Internal Medicine, 119, 688-693. OVID
8. White, M. (2000). Why Diets Don’t Work. Total Health, 22, 44-45.
The Health Psychology Home Page is
produced and maintained by David Schlundt, PhD.
Vanderbilt Homepage | Introduction to Vanderbilt | Admissions | Colleges & Schools | Research Centers | News & Media Information | People at Vanderbilt | Libraries | Administrative Departments | Medical
|Return to the Health Psychology Home Page|
|Send E-mail comments or questions to Dr. Schlundt|